Root Canal Treatment
Root canal therapy is also known as endodontic therapy. It is a dental treatment for removing the infection from inside the decayed tooth.
It is tooth pain-relieving treatment and protects the teeth from further infection.
Inside the tooth contains pulp which consists of nerves and blood vessels. If decay left untreated, it leads to pulp infection. It will cause pain.
If the infected pulp is not removed completely, gum boil develops at the root tip. It causes damage to the bone around the tooth. At this stage, it will cause tooth pain and swelling of the face. In such condition, needs an endodontic opinion.
If the tooth needs root canal treatment, the endodontist will remove the decay and infected pulp. Cleans the root canal and filled with the root filling materials in a quick and painless way.
If the decay is extensive, it indicates for extraction. To maintain the space we can replace the missing tooth like dental implants or crown and bridges.
1. Numbing the tooth
Our main goal is patient’s comfort, which we strongly believe in
we apply a numbing gel on the surface where we are going to give the L.A injection so that the patient does not feel the pain of injection, which can be itself be a very painful experience for which we try to avoid it.
After the area is numb we inject the local anesthesia (numbing injection), so that the patient is comfortable during the root canal procedure
2. A route to reach the pulp of the tooth
The endodontic specialist after getting the tooth to numb. The specialist removes all the decay part of the tooth and an opening is made through the crown of the tooth to the pulp chamber.
It’s a very complex procedure as the dentist has to make sure he removes only the bare minimum of the tooth structure in the process, as there is no replacement for the healthy tooth structure.
3. Removing the Infected/Inflamed Tissue
Once the endodontic specialist has reached the pulp chamber, he tries to remove and clean the infection and unhealthy pulp out of the canals using Special files.
The special files are made of nickel titanium metal which is very flexible and extra care has to be taken since its very delicate procedure.
Then they shape the canals for the filling material. Irrigation is used to help clean the canals and remove debris.
4. Filling the Canals
The prepared canals are infection free but to prevent the infection to re-enter we fill with a permanent inert rubber material called gutta-percha cones.
5. The Crowning/capping of the root canal treated tooth
The root canal treated tooth can still fracture if not capped with a metal-ceramic crown, which can help to increase the life of the tooth