Corrective Jaw Surgery
Orthognathic Surgery (Corrective Jaw Surgery, Jaw Surgery) is a complicated procedure that requires meticulous planning due to the complexities of occlusion (the way the teeth bite) and the combined impact on the facial appearance when teeth and jaws are moved. Due to the scope of the task, a collaborative approach is used. An orthodontist and oral surgeon are part of the team, as are the general dentist and other dental professionals such as periodontists and endodontists.
What is maxillofacial surgery?
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery deals with surgeries related to the upper and lower jaws. Maxillofacial surgeons undergo extensive training in the treatment of conditions related to the maxilla and the mandible. It can range from cosmetic jaw surgery to the treatment of injuries caused by trauma.
There was a time in the past when cosmetic treatment was prohibitively expensive and could only be afforded by the very wealthy. Facial cosmetic surgery including rhinoplasty and cosmetic jaw surgery has become more affordable in modern times. This was following establishment of a connection between the mental well being of a person and facial deformity correction through medical research.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in India
Sushrutais considered to be the Father of the Surgical Sciences. He described surgical procedures that dealt with extraction of teeth and draining jaw abscesses, resetting fractures of the jaws and cosmetic jaw surgery. This actually marked the genesis of jaw reconstructive surgery in India in ancient times.
Oral and Maxillofacial surgeons have always played an important role in the development of surgical innovations. The armed forces of India have always boasted of a distinguished medical corps with the strong presence of oral and maxillofacial surgeons. They dealt with repairing injuries caused to the facial region during wartime and have provided valuable service to injured soldiers.
The Relationship of the Jaws with the Face
The maxilla and mandible comprise the middle and lower thirds of the face. Facial deformities are more common in the middle and lower third than in the upper third of the face. Jaw deformity surgery is a highly specialized branch of oral and maxillofacial surgery in India.
The Importance of Experience towards attaining Surgical Excellence
Experience plays an important role in jaw reconstruction surgery. No jaw is similar to another and the shape of each jaw is heavily influenced by genetics and environmental factors. The structure of the jaws should not only be esthetically appealing but should also perform the all-important functional roles effectively.
Our hospital is also a specialty center for redo reconstructive surgery of the craniofacial region. Many patients who have had less than satisfactory results at other centers present to our hospital for corrective jaw surgery.
Even the slightest deformity of the jawbones can lead to impairment in function of the jaws. The two main functions performed by the jaws are related to speech and eating. They play a very important role in shaping our lives.
Humans communicate through speech to express their thoughts. Speech has to be clear and crisp. A good balanced diet is extremely important for the wellbeing of the whole body. This not only includes the major groups, but also the micronutrients, which play a very important role in the development of the brain.
Both speech and nutritional intake is affected when there is deformity of the jaws. Deformity of the jaws can include a large upper jaw in relation to a small lower jaw or a small lower jaw in relation to a large upper jaw. Pathologies affecting the jaw joints also affect the function of the jaws.
Proven Track Record of Experienced Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Experience serves to develop the intuitive feeling in a surgeon as to what would best suit the facial structure of each patient. Using detail imaging studies and the experience gained over decades of operating on similar cases, they are able to map out the surgery beforehand. This enables them to obtain the best possible results for the patient.
Long Standing Excellence in the field of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Our hospital has been performing jaw deformity correctionfor patients for over 30 years now. Situated in Chennai, the healthcare capital of India, we are renowned for our patient care and use of cutting edge technology for jaw correction surgery like distractors in India.
Our orthognathic surgery division is amongst the finest in India. Led by Director and Consultant, Dr SM Balaji who is considered to be the best reconstructive jaw surgeonin India by his peers, this experienced team of medical and paramedical staff ensures that patients receive world class care throughout their stay in the hospital.
Dr SM Balaji who is also a distinguished orthognathic surgeon is widely recognized as the most innovative and best jaw surgeon in India. Numerous awards at the national and international level stand testimony to his contributions as the best oral and maxillofacial surgeon in India.
Facial Cosmetic Surgery in India
We are a centre of excellence for facial plastic surgery in India. Our hospital is renowned for facial cosmetic correction. Ear reconstruction surgery for microtia deformity is a specialty surgery that has been performed in our hospital for over 30 years now. It is usually performed in two stages although minor ear deformity correction is performed in a single stage
Distraction Osteogenesis for Jaw Deformity Surgery
Jaw distraction surgery
We were amongst the first to perform jaw distraction surgery in India through the use of internal distractors. Bijaw advancement surgery through maxillary Le Fort I and bilateral sagittal split osteotomy of mandiblealsoprovides very good results. Our hospital was also a pioneer in the use of Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 (rh-BMP2) for the rehabilitation of bony defects in the jaws. Our hospital is a renowned center for facial makeover surgery.
Temporomandibular joint fusion or TMJ ankylosis can lead to malformation or underdevelopment of the lower jaw. Surgical techniques have evolved over the years to correct the discrepancy in relative jaw size caused by this condition.
Lower jaw lengthening is commonly performed through distraction osteogenesis. This is the treatment of choice for the correction of obstructive sleep apnea
Leading Surgical Centre for Facial Trauma Care
We are also a leading center for reconstruction of defects that arise from treatment of diseases, injuries and defects. Our hospital is a specialty correction center for facial asymmetry surgery caused by fractures to the eye region.
Our hospital is a best Jaw Surgery(Jaw reconstructive) center for patients who have undergone surgery for oral cancer.We have rehabilitated scores of patients with destructive lesions of the jaws arising from dentigerous cysts and odontogenic keratocyst amongst many other pathological conditions.
Jaw advancement surgery and jaw reduction surgery of the lower jaw performed in our hospital through bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) offers optimal cosmetic and functional results for the patient. Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy is utilized for maxillary advancement.
Allied with fixed orthodontic treatment, this results in complete rehabilitation of the patient. Our hospital is also a specialty center for cleft orthodontics. Trained orthodontic specialists are able to bring about perfect alignment of teeth affect by cleft palate deformities.
Contributions towards Rehabilitation of Cleft Lip and Palate Deformity
We are recognized throughout the world for our contributions towards cleft lip and palate surgery. Many innovations that are standard surgical practice throughout the world today originated in our hospital. Our hospital is the foremost center for cleft lip surgery in India and cleft palate surgery in India.
International Recognition for the Surgical Services provided by our hospital
Our hospital is the regional affiliate of international foundations like the International Cleft Lip and Palate Foundation of Japanand the Dallas based World Craniofacial Foundation of USA. We are renowned for the correction of deformities caused by Tessier’s facial clefts like hypertelorism correction. These surgeries enable the affected children to lead completely normal lives and realize their potential to the fullest.
Many innovations to standard surgical operation procedures have risen from the work of the Cleft Research Unit of our hospital. Dr SM Balaji has also won many honours around the world for his outstanding research into craniofacial surgery
Children from around the world with craniofacial deformities of the skull caused by premature closure of sutures are referred to our hospital. Left untreated, this could cause damage to the child’s developing brain and cause early mortality. Our hospital specializes in the rehabilitation of these children to complete normalcy.
Our hospital is also a center of excellence for facial feminization surgery through surgical correction of the jaws. Innovative jaw remodeling surgery and use of biotechnological advances ensures best results for this facial cosmetic surgery
Dental implant surgery in our hospital is much sought after by patients from around the world. Premature loss of teeth can lead to changes in the bone structure of the jaws. This can result in a prematurely aged look to the face. We use advanced facial biometric systems to recreate the perfect jaw structure for each individual patient.
To conclude, our hospital is a one-stop superspecialty center for craniomaxillofacial surgery in India.